Stem Mastering and Mixing

  What is Stem?   In audio production, a stem is a group of audio sources mixed together. A single stem might exist in mono, stereo, or in multiple tracks for surround sound. In sound mixing for film, the preparation of stems is a common strategy to...

Digital Speakers

What are Digital Speakers?   Digital speakers or Digital Sound Reconstruction (DSR) systems are a form of loudspeaker technology. You should not confuse them with modern digital formats and processing. This is because engineers still have not developed them as a...

Recording Studio

Recording Studio as an Instrument   In music production, the recording studio can be treated as a musical instrument. This approach has been called “playing the studio”. It is typically embodied by artists or producers who emphasize the creative use...

Rotary Woofers

Generally, human beings can’t detect sounds below 20 Hz. This is why the stated frequency response of many products is from 20 to 20,000 Hz. Part of this impression comes from the challenges in using traditional cone and voice coil subwoofers to produce these...

Keyboard Instruments

  What is a Keyboard Instrument?   A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument that a musician plays using a keyboard. The most common keyboard instruments are the piano, organ, and various electronic keyboards, including synthesizers and digital pianos....