The Timpani – Orchestral Percussions

The timpani, also known as kettledrum, is an established member of the symphony orchestra and probably one of the percussion instruments with the longest tradition. In the 13th century, the Crusaders and Saracens brought the first timpani to southern and western...

The Horn Instrument – Brass Instruments

The extremely rich albeit soft timbre that the horn produces gives it a special quality half-way between brass and woodwinds. It also blends well with the timbres of many other instruments. People used to blow on the actual horns of animals before attempting to...

Concert Flute – Woodwind Instruments

The concert flute is a variation in design to the plain flute, which holds the title as one of the most ancient musical instruments and likely the first wind instrument that ever existed. An especially long tradition of flute playing exists in the Middle East. Among...

The Contrabassoon – Woodwind Instruments

In Austria and Germany, records of the contrabassoon’s precursors exist as early as 1590. At this time, the increasing popularity of doubling the bass line resulted in the development of lower-pitched dulcians. Octavebass, quintfaggot, and quartfaggot are some...

Woodwind Instruments: Clarinet

We consider the modern clarinet as a relative newcomer to the woodwind instrument family. However, its roots trace as back as the early single-reed instruments or hornpipes used in ancient Greece, Egypt, and the Middle East. An instrument called Chalumeau direct...

Woodwind Instruments: Western Concert Flute

The western concert flute belongs to the family of transverse, or side-blown, woodwind instruments made of metal or wood. It’s the most common variant of the flute. Ensembles such as concert bands, military bands, marching bands, orchestras, and sometimes jazz...