Bowed String Instruments: Double Bass

The violin family’s largest bowed string instrument is the double bass. It includes four (or less commonly five) strings tuned in 4ths. It sounds an octave lower than its smaller orchestral partner, the cello. The double bass is best known for its contribution...

Bowed String Instruments: Viola

The history of the viola relates to the development of the other instruments within the violin family. These were first made in northern Italy between 1530 and 1550. These regions include cities such as Milan, Brescia, Cremona, and Venice. The work of illustrious...

Bowed String Instruments: Violin

The violin is a mechanically simple but acoustically complex instrument. Interestingly, it was not progressively developed and improved over time, but suddenly appeared around 1550, in its current form. The two oldest violin-makers in history were from northern Italy:...

Bowed String Instruments: Cello

Violoncello, or cello for short, has arguably the most profound sound in the violin family. It’s probably the youngest member and certainly, the most recently perfected in form and proportion. In the first half of the 16th century, renowned violin makers began...