Flat Panel Loudspeakers

Flat panel speakers 101   Engineers investigated flat panel speakers in terms of structural vibration and acoustic radiation. A panel speaker primarily consists of a panel and an inertia exciter. Contrary to conventional speakers, they have flexural resonance and...

Planar Magnetic Speakers

What are Planar Magnetic Speakers?   The planar magnetic speaker is a type of speaker closely related to the electrostatic speaker. It is nearly identical in radiation concept to an electrostatic loudspeaker, having a large, thin, vertically orientated plastic...

Ribbon Speakers

Ribbon speakers diaphragm   The diaphragm of a ribbon loudspeaker is conductive and it is positioned in a transverse magnetic field. It is also supported at each end. Current flowing along the diaphragm creates a force perpendicular to it. The mechanism produces...

Subwoofer Speakers

Subwoofer 101   Subwoofers present a unique chance to design arrays outside of the ruleset found for full-range speakers. Subwoofer arrays have two unique features that open the door of opportunity. The first is that subwoofers are in separate enclosures that...