Crystal Microphones

  What is a Crystal Microphone?   The crystal microphone is the type most widely used in lower cost installations. It has relatively high output level and high impedance. A long cable will reduce the high output voltage available from a crystal microphone...

Phase Shifting & Time Delay

What is Phase shifting?   Phase shifting is essentially in the core of every audio filter or equalizer. For example, all-pass filters are the heart of phase-shifting effects. They can create an artificial stereo from a mono sound source. Flanging effect is...

Step Sequencer

What is a step sequencer?   Step sequencers were originally hardware modules. They produced a limited number of control signals in a steady, pulsed sequence that kept repeating until deactivated. The output of the signal could be sent to some other synthesizer...

Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) Part 2

Digital audio workstations are mainly divided into two types, which are integrated and software DAW`s. Even though they share common functionalities, I’ll explain them separately.   Integrated DAW’s   An integrated DAW consists of a mixing...