The Carillon – Keyboard Instruments

A carillon is an idiophone percussion instrument played with a keyboard. It consists of at least 23 cast bronze bells suspended in chromatic order and sounded harmoniously together.  The word carillon derives from the Old French “carignon” (a variant...

The Pipe Organ – Keyboard Instruments

Around 200 B.C., the pipe organ appeared in Greece. Scholars argue that Ctesibius of Alexandria, engineer, invented the instrument. Rather than conceived as a musical instrument, for him, the organ acted as a demonstration of hydraulic principles. Thus, the earliest...

The Piano – Keyboard Instruments

A variety of keyboard instruments existed before the piano. For instance, the hammered dulcimer was the first widely used stringed musical instrument. It holds the credit of being a forerunner of the later piano. It has appeared in the Middle East, Southwest Asia,...

The Harpsichord – Keyboard Instruments

The harpsichord falls into the family of so-called “quilled keyboards” such as virginals, spinets, and similar. The instrument’s earliest references date back to the 15th century.  In Italy, harpsichord makers were producing lightweight designs...

The Tubular Bells – Orchestral Mallets

The tubular bells in modern opera and orchestras are arranged chromatically as symphonic chimes. They were built for the orchestra as an easy-to-carry instrument for daily use, and their original design strived to be as similar to church bells as possible. However,...