The Tubular Bells – Orchestral Mallets

The tubular bells in modern opera and orchestras are arranged chromatically as symphonic chimes. They were built for the orchestra as an easy-to-carry instrument for daily use, and their original design strived to be as similar to church bells as possible. However,...

The Celesta – Keyboard Instruments

The name “celesta” derives from the French term céleste, meaning “heavenly”. After multiple experiments, the celesta appeared by the end of the 19th century and quickly found its place in the orchestra. It’s an interesting instrument with a dual...

Concert Flute – Woodwind Instruments

The concert flute is a variation in design to the plain flute, which holds the title as one of the most ancient musical instruments and likely the first wind instrument that ever existed. An especially long tradition of flute playing exists in the Middle East. Among...

The Contrabassoon – Woodwind Instruments

In Austria and Germany, records of the contrabassoon’s precursors exist as early as 1590. At this time, the increasing popularity of doubling the bass line resulted in the development of lower-pitched dulcians. Octavebass, quintfaggot, and quartfaggot are some...

Film Score Orchestration

What is Film Score Orchestration?   In technical terms, orchestration is the process of assigning, in the form of a musical score, a composition complete in form melodically, harmonically, and rhythmically. The task is to designate melody, harmony, and...