Bowed String Instruments: Viola

The history of the viola relates to the development of the other instruments within the violin family. These were first made in northern Italy between 1530 and 1550. These regions include cities such as Milan, Brescia, Cremona, and Venice. The work of illustrious...

Bowed String Instruments: Double Bass

The violin family’s largest bowed string instrument is the double bass. It includes four (or less commonly five) strings tuned in 4ths. It sounds an octave lower than its smaller orchestral partner, the cello. The double bass is best known for its contribution...

Amplitude Panning

Amplitude panning originates from stereophony, initially developed by Blumlein in the early 1930s. In essence, this system transforms the phase and amplitude difference of a signal recorded by stereophonic reception systems (mic stereo pairs, or the ears for that...

A/B Stereo Recording Technique

The A/B stereo recording technique is also known as “Spaced Pair”. It involves two microphones positioned anywhere from 3 to 10 feet apart, meant to capture the same sound source. The distance between them will create time-of-arrival (phase) and level...